The Basic Life Support or BLS training provides a wide variety of healthcare professionals the ability to recognize different life-threatening emergencies, such as choking, provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use an automated external defibrillator (AED) in a safe, timely and effective manner. Basic life support can be provided by trained medical personnel, such as doctors, nurses, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, respiratory therapists, physical and occupational therapists, physician’s assistants, residents or fellows, or medical or nursing students in training, aides, medical or nursing assistants who have obtained BLS training. It is also useful for many other professions, such as daycare providers, coaches, teachers, personal trainers, security personnel and social workers. Their contact with many different people and their exposure to various circumstances where medical emergencies can occur make BLS training a good opportunity for acquiring basic lifesaving skills that may come in handy.
What is Basic Life Support?
Basic life support is the level of medical care given to patients with life-threatening conditions until they can be given full medical attention in a hospital. Therefore, it is generally used in the pre-hospital setting, and can be provided without medical equipment or drugs. Basic life support involves various life-saving techniques that focus on CAB of pre-hospital emergency care:
Circulation – techniques which are done to maintain an adequate blood supply to vital organs, to ensure oxygen delivery to all cells and remove metabolic waste
Airway – management of the victim’s airway to protect and maintain a clear passageway for gases between the lungs and the atmosphere.
Breathing – maintenance of rhythmic inflation and deflation of the lungs to ensure adequate respiration
BLS training provides healthcare providers enough confidence and skills necessary to give lifesaving aid to a person who needs emergency care due to injury or illness. Examples of life-threatening circumstances include heart attacks, stroke, choking, drowning, bleeding and more. Healthcare providers who complete BLS training receive a certification that is valid for two years. Renewal of certification may be required thereafter.
2015 AHS Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care
BLS Training is important especially because guidelines for lifesaving are constantly updated based on observations and studies that evaluate the effectiveness and safety of current guidelines. Even for the well trained healthcare providers, changes in algorhythms and new recommendations need to be learned. Finally, although CPR can be performed by any bystander, trained or untrained, the quality of CPR performed is crucial to the survival of the victim. BLS training for healthcare providers will help improve a patient’s chances for surviving a life threatening emergency situation.
BLS for Healthcare Providers – Classroom. AHA. Berg RA, Hemphill R, Abella BS, Aufderheide TP, Cave DM, Hazinski MF, Lerner EB, Rea TD, Sayre MR, Swor RA. Part 5: Adult basic life support: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2015;122(suppl 3):S685–S705.
Cardiac arrests occur more commonly than we think, and it can happen to anybody, anytime. A bystander, usually someone close to the victim, is the first person who can help save his life. However, 70 percent of Americans will feel helpless to act immediately because they are not confident enough to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Only about 30% of people who suffer a cardiac arrest get immediate CPR, and less than 8% survive when it occurs outside the home. The American Heart Association (AHA) encourages everyone to undergo some form of CPR Training to empower them to act immediately in case of a cardiac emergency. Almost 90% of all cardiac arrests occur at home, and if it happens to someone you love, you may be his only chance to survive the life threatening situation.
AHA Chain of Survival
The American Heart Association considers cardiopulmonary resuscitation as one link in what it calls the “chain of survival.” The chain of survival is a series of sequential actions that will give a heart attack victim the greatest chance of survival. When an emergency situation is recognized outside of a medical facility, the first link in the chain of survival calls for activating the emergency medical services by calling 911 (in the USA). This is followed by CPR performed by a bystander until a defibrillator becomes available. CPR Training enables one to recognize a cardiac emergency and act accordingly while waiting for medical help to arrive. When effective CPR is performed by a bystander who is usually a relative or friend after sudden cardiac arrest, the victim’s chance of survival increases two to three times more. Failure to act can result in unnecessary deaths, so the American Heart Association trains more than 12 million Americans annually, to equip them with the skills necessary to perform bystander CPR. CPR Training involves learning techniques on how to help a victim circulate oxygenated blood, which will keep the brain alive until advanced medical care (including defibrillation) can be initiated. CPR is indicated for people who are unresponsive and not breathing. It may also be done on victims whose pulse cannot be perceived by a bystander and who may be breathing abnormally. The goal of CPR is to delay tissue death and prevent permanent brain damage. Although basic CPR can be performed by anyone, having adequate CPR training increases one’s chances for getting effective emergency care before professional help arrives. Learn more about the 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR & ECC and acquire the confidence and skills you need to act when your help is most needed.
CPR Statistics. AHA. Accessed May 20, 2012. CPR. WebMD. Accessed May 20, 2012.
First Aid Training is typically provided by the American Heart Association (AHA), by local fire departments and other organizations. CPR Training School offers First Aid Training courses and instruction may include cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) training or just first aid basics.
What is First Aid?
First aid is the initial care given to an injured or ill person by a non-expert but trained individual before medical help arrives or before the victim can be brought to a medical facility. However, some self-limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care after effective first aid intervention. First aid generally consists of a series of simple techniques, sometimes potentially life-saving interventions, that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment. It aims to preserve life, prevent further harm and promote recovery. A first aid provider is someone with formal First Aid Training or education in emergency care or medicine who provides assessments and interventions which should be medically sound and based on scientific evidence or on expert consensus. An important component of first aid administration is that it must not delay activation of the emergency medical services (EMS) system or other medical assistance when required. First Aid Training involves learning basic skills needed to save a life or prevent an injury or illness from getting worse. These skills include the ABCs of first aid, which stands for Airway, Breathing and Circulation.
Why Train for First Aid?
First Aid Training should be universal – everyone can learn first aid and everyone should be given education in first aid. Some basic principles of first aid, such as applying a bandage or direct pressure on a bleeding part of the body are often acquired through ordinary life experiences. However, to providing effective, life-saving first aid interventions require special training. First Aid Training is useful for one to be able to recognize emergencies and act fast without panicking. It gives an individual sufficient confidence and skills to help a person maintain breathing and circulation before definite medical treatment is given. It also increases one’s alertness to keep himself and the victim away from potential harm. One area where First Aid Training is important is where it relates to potentially fatal circumstances that require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). After attending a course, one is awarded a certificate of training. Procedures and protocols usually change based on updated clinical knowledge, and to maintain one’s skills, one is often encouraged to attend regular refresher courses and re-certification is often necessary. Call (470) 207-4214 or contact us to schedule a First Aid Training class.
Markenson D, Ferguson JD, Chameides L, Cassan P, Chung K-L, Epstein J, Gonzales L, Herrington RA, Pellegrino JL, Ratcliff N, Singer A. Part 17: first aid: 2010 American Heart Association and American Red Cross Guidelines for First Aid. Circulation. 2010;122(suppl 3):S934–S946.
2nd City CPR & Safety Training Classes are held at the New Covenant Coptic Temple located at 9306 S. Halsted Street in Chicago, Illinois 60620.
Class offerings are posted on this website and will announced on our facebook page. In addition to the scheduled classes held here, 2nd City CPR & Safety Training will conduct trainings at business building, churches and other locations for sepcial groups. We encourage churches and all organizations to learn thses lifesaving skills. Our communities need trained first-responders. First responders save lives.